Nature has created men and women in different colors, sizes and shapes. Skin color and texture, as well as the type of hair varies from person to person. While this limited the laser hair removal options in the initial days of it’s introduction, it is no longer a problem. Laser hair removal is an option that works for almost everyone, irrespective of their skin color or hair texture. With the advancements in laser technology, instruments suitable to meet all requirements are now available. A trained esthetician can determine the right treatment to target unwanted hair growth by analyzing the skin of the person.
Traditionally, laser hair removal was intended for people with pale skin and dark hair. Lasers work on the principle of Selective Photothermolysis. This means that the laser beam removes hair by selectively targetting intense heat on the melanin pigment that gives dark color to hair. When the laser beam is focussed on the skin of a patient, the intense energy is absored by the melanin and conducted to the root. This energy destroys the hair follicle and causes it to fall off in a couple of days.
Remember that melanin is the same photochrome that colors our skin! Darker skin tones have greater melanin concentration. As a result, when laser hair removal was performed on a person with a dark skin tone, not just the hair, but the skin was also subjected to the effect of the laser beam. Such exposure to laser beams could cause scarring, hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation. On the other hand, if the patient had lighter colored hair, it wouldn’t contain sufficient melanin for the laser to act on. Hence, the energy would not be properly conducted to the root, and wouldn’t succesfully remove the hair follicle.
In other words, it wasn’t easy to treat women with light colored hair nor women with dark colored skin. This was because the laser devices had a limited wavelength range. This is no longer the case. With the advances in laser technology, more tools are available today to effectively and safely remove hair for different skin tones. Laser devices that can work on both long and short wavelengths are now available. The Nd: YAG laser can target the melanin in the hair follicle without affecting the same pigment in the skin, hence it is a practical solution for women with darker skin tones. Similarly, the diode laser is another option.
Skin tone is classified based on the Fitzpatrick Scale which divides the skin tones into 6 types. Based on the position in this scale to which an individual’s skin tone corresponds, the esthetician can determine the best technique to be employed. This enables the laser settings to be accurately determined for each client. Additionally, an initial spot test will ensure that the treatment will be succesful at the determined levels.
Though it is a tricky job, a professional who has received specialized training can easily perform it on every client, irrespective of their skin tone or hair color. The right expertise and the right device are crucial to determining the success of the treatment. Administering laser hair removal treatments without sufficient training and knowledge can end up in irreversible damage to the skin. So, ensure that you visit a reputed skin clinic for laser hair removal.
Make a prior appointment and discuss your concerns and doubts with the specialists at the laser clinic. Alleviate all your fears and your unwanted hair! Laser hair removal in Sydney is safe and effective for all skin tones, including ethnic skin tones when performed properly. This cosmetic trend is no longer the privilege of a select